This book gives a detailed early history as well as a well-referenced account of the spread Mao Zedong was often pictured with a cigarette in his hand, as in this 1957 shot of him meeting deputies from the Third National Congress of Chinese Communist Youth League. From the long-stemmed pipe to snuff, the water pipe, hand-rolled cigarettes, and finally, manufactured cigarettes, the history of tobacco in China is the fascinating story of a commodity that became a hallmark of modern mass consumerism. Wax statues of Lin Zexu (right) and Qing Dynasty (AD 1644–1911) Emperor Daoguang in Fuzhou city of Fujian province on May 23, 2013. Objective To document tobacco advertising practices of a popular, high-grade, domestic cigarette in China across a broad spectrum of channels. Photograph of two opium eaters in Qing Dynasty (AD 1644–1911). The Chinese cigarette market, whether supplied by transnational tobacco companies, Chinese-owned mechanized firms, or localized hand-rolling workshops, expanded spectacularly between 1900 and 1937. 190 REVIEWS Golden-Silk Smoke: A History of Tobacco in China , 1550-2010 by Carol Benedict. Carol Benedict follows the spread of Chinese tobacco use from the sixteenth century, when it was introduced to China from the New World, through the development of commercialized tobacco cultivation, and to the present day . [ citation needed ] China tobacco also markets premium brands, notably Chunghwa . Carol Benedict follows the spread of Chinese tobacco use from the sixteenth century, when it was introduced to China from the New World, through the development of commercialized tobacco cultivation, and to the present day https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/j.ctt1ppmhf, (For EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zotero, Mendeley...), 1 Early Modern Globalization and the Origins of Tobacco in China, 1550–1650, 2 The Expansion of Chinese Tobacco Production, Consumption, and Trade, 1600–1750, 3 Learning to Smoke Chinese-Style, 1644–1750, 5 The Fashionable Consumption of Tobacco, 1750–1900, 6 The Emergence of the Chinese Cigarette Industry, 1880–1937, 7 Socially and Spatially Differentiated Tobacco Consumption during the Nanjing Decade, 1927–1937, 8 The Urban Cigarette and the Pastoral Pipe: Literary Representations of Smoking in Republican China, 9 New Women, Modern Girls, and the Decline of Female Smoking, 1900–1976, Epilogue: Tobacco in the People’s Republic of China, 1949–2010. From the long-stemmed pipe to snuff, the water pipe, hand-rolled cigarettes, and finally, manufactured cigarettes, the history of tobacco in China is the fascinating story of a commodity that became a hallmark of modern mass consumerism. 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In the year just before he died, however, Li Ê sadly noted that although his desire for tobacco was still great, he could no longer smoke because his lungswere diseased (fei ji).¹ Physicians in attendance at the time of Li’s passing would not have explained his affliction in terms of cancer, emphysema, or any other smoking-related illness now associated with tobacco. All Rights Reserved. In 1638 around 3,000,000 pounds of Virginian tobacco was sent to England for sale and by the 1680’s Jamestown was producing over 25,000,000 pounds of tobacco per year for export to Europe. [Photo/xinhuanet.com.cn]. The ready availability of cigarettes in most areas of the country encouraged many Chinese smokers to abandon snuff and pipe tobacco in favor of rolled tobacco products. 2011. document.write(oTime.getFullYear()); On his arrival at Guangzhou, Lin banned the sale of opium, demanded that all opium be surrendered to the Chinese authorities, and required that all foreign traders sign a "no opium trade" bond. Golden-Silk Smoke: A History of Tobacco in China, 1550–2010 - Kindle edition by Benedict, Carol. Is is not easy to find a comprehensive history of tobacco use in China, most English language sources concentrate on the modern period. Square dancing in Russia's most famous square. on JSTOR. China's anti-smoking movement was first recorded in 1639, when Ming Dynasty (AD 1368-1644) Emperor Chongzhen issued a national ban on tobacco and stipulated that tobacco addicts be executed. The country was China, and in 1890 the Dukes exported the first cigarettes to the populous Asian nation. 1769 New Zealand Captain James Cook arrived smoking a pipe, and … HISTORY OF TOBACCO 6000 BCE - 2009 CE users were warned they risked nasal cancers. "From the long-stemmed pipe to snuff, the water pipe, hand-rolled cigarettes, and finally, manufactured cigarettes, the history of tobacco in China is the fascinating story of a commodity that became a hallmark of modern mass consumerism. From the long-stemmed pipe to snuff, the water pipe, hand-rolled cigarettes, and finally, manufactured cigarettes, the history of tobacco in China is the fascinating story of a commodity that became a … Farmlands were inspected to eliminate opium poppies. The extraordinary success of the cigarette... By 1927, as the Nanjing Decade began, China’s cigarette industry was well established. The chairman and his cigarette lighting fans, 1957. The earliest tobacco control legislation in the world was in Asia (Singapore, 1970) and bans on duty-free cigarettes (Singapore) and on smokeless tobacco (Hong Kong, 1987), as well as the use of tobacco tax to fund health promotion (Thailand) have … Shigehisa Kuriyama, Harvard University It … Production of tobacco in China increased during the past three decades. Now, more than a century later, with 350 million–plus smokers, the world’s most populous country has indeed become its largest consumer of manufactured tobacco products.² Although in the twentieth century, transnational corporations... Tobacco was initially carried across the world’s oceans on European ships in the pockets of those people—sailors, slaves, and merchants—whose labors made possible the entire early modern enterprise of maritime trade and overseas colonialism.¹ In the vibrant port cities of the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the South China Sea, European seafarers passed along knowledge of Amerindian tobacco to their local counterparts, who in turn initiated others in this new practice. Mao's successor Deng Xiaoping, another chain smoker, loved expensive Panda cigarettes, and often proffered them to visiting dignitaries. xiii, 334. British-American Tobacco Company Limited is among the first batch of firms that introduced cigarettes to China. A opium pipe confiscated during 1950s is on display at Shanghai Museum of Public Security in this undated photo. And a family suspects a man who drowned in a fishing pond after police released him was tortured. [Photo/tobaccochina.com]. Chiang Kai-shek, the party head, reformed the anti-drug commission under military departments to an independent section in charge of smoking elimination in the nation, and personnally took command. Drawing from a wealth of historical sources-gazetteers, literati jottings (biji), Chinesemateria medica,Qing poetry, modern short stories, late Qing and early Republican newspapers, travel memoirs, social surveys, advertisements, and more-Golden-Silk Smokenot only uncovers the long and dynamic history of tobacco in China but also sheds new light on global histories of fashion and consumption. Asia has shown that tobacco control is not the prerogative of western countries. China has up to now been left behind much of the rest of Asia in tackling the tobacco epidemic. China, with its then-430,000,000 potential customers, he told company executives, “is where we are going to sell cigarettes.”¹ When informed that the Chinese did not yet smoke cigarettes, Duke said he supposed they could learn. Note: Browsers with 1024*768 or higher resolution are suggested for this site. China's anti-smoking movement was first recorded in 1639, when Ming Dynasty (AD 1368-1644) Emperor Chongzhen issued a national ban on tobacco and stipulated that tobacco addicts be executed. The plant depletes the soil of nitrogen Use features like bookmarks, note taking and JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. As the author notes, “ the history of the cigarette in China was simply an amplification of earlier patterns of tobacco production, marketing, and consumption” (p. 131). The content (including but not limited to text, photo, multimedia information, etc) published in this site belongs to China Daily Information Co (CDIC). From about the year 1914, flue-cured tobacco became widely cultivated in China. [Photo/bwg.police.sh.cn]. Tobacco was introduced to China in the 16th and 17th centuries (Benedict, 2011). Used by all ranks, classes, and both genders, Chinese tobacco was never one undifferentiated commodity: people inChina, as elsewhere, consumed the substance in socially stratified ways that varied in accordance with price, changing social norms, ideas about itsmedicinal qualities, and the dictates of fashion. Along the way, she analyzes the factors that have shaped China's highly gendered tobacco cultures, and shows how they have evolved within a broad, comparative world-historical framework. Taking the long view, as I do in the preceding pages, not only allows for comparisons with other societies undergoing similar transformations in their own local cultures of tobacco consumption since 1550 or so; it also facilitates analysis of continuity and change in Chinese consumption practices across the late imperial–modern divide. As detailed in chapter 3, historical and literary representations of Qing-era women consuming tobacco— be it the peasant woman with her rough-hewn pipe or the upperclass matron with her more elegant and refined water pipe— are too common to allow for any other interpretation. An advertisement for Shanghai's Meili brand cigarettes in the 1920s.[Photo/tobaccochina.com]. Despite its common origins in the Americas, NewWorld tobacco followed a somewhat different historical trajectory in China than it did in Europe. var oTime = new Date(); The exact cause of death is uncertain. With the arrival of the Europeans in the 16th century, the consumption, cultivation, and trading of tobacco quickly spread. Tobacco, a New World crop, became globally enjoyed beginning in the sixteenth century, and Benedict shows us how fully the Chinese have participated in its … Log in to your personal account or through your institution. Pp. The tobacco plant was first brought to China in the 1570s, from the island of Luzon, in what is today the Philippines, by Chen Zhenlong, a merchant from Fujian. China alone produces ten times more tobacco than the US. As in other contexts, tobacco became indigenized in China in culturally specific ways even as it became a globalized phenomenon. [Photo/icpress.cn]. However, by 1820 the planting of tea in the Indian and African colonies, along with accelerated opium consumption, reversed the flow of silver, and the drug had poisoned thousands of Chinese civilians. In 1817, the British began to sell a narcotic drug, Indian opium, to China as a way to reduce the trade deficit and to make the Indian colony profitable. Carol Benedict follows the spread of Chinese tobacco use from the sixteenth century, when it was introduced to China from the New World, through the development of commercialized tobacco cultivation, and to the present day. The Qing Administration originally tolerated opium importation because it created an indirect tax on Chinese subjects, while allowing the British to double tea exports from China to England. The history of smoking dates back to as early as 5000 BC in the Americas in shamanistic rituals. One of the first mass-marketed products in China, cigarettes were introduced from abroad by the British- American Tobacco Co. (BAT), beginning in the coastal cities. Here he speaks with former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, while preparing to light up: US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in conversation with Deng Xiaoping. You do not have access to this book on JSTOR Croizier, carol Benedict Smoke. To reduce and eliminate the opium trade for cigarettes only continued to increase drug making trafficking... ; -- > Croizier, carol Benedict Golden‐Silk Smoke: a History of tobacco in China in 1949 the! 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