According to dual coding theory, (Paivio & Lambert, 1981) bilinguals have separate memory systems for each of their languages and a non-verbal system corresponding to images. This chapter updates the dual coding theory (DCT) of the memory systems of bilingual (and multilingual) individuals. In the bilingual DCT, there are now two independent verbal systems which are linked to a common imagery system. The Bilingual Dual-Coding Theory While Paivio’s [ 8 ] original theory refers to one language, Paivio—Desrochers’s [ 23 ] work extends the theory to two or more languages. It reviews the implications of the theory for some current issues in the psychology of bilingualism, including semantic memory, episodic memory, second language learning. The use of L1 in L2 learning (and teaching) is a controversy of long history which typically appears as a debate between the audio-lingual and the cognitive-code approaches to L2/FL instruction. Dual coding theory is a cognitive theory Allan Paivio proposed in 1971. The results favored a bilingual version of dual-coding theory over levels-of- processing and generation-effort interpretations. The theory leads to a strong emphasis on the role of situational contexts and imagery in second language learning. Its basis is the idea that mental imaging aids learning. This chapter discusses dual coding theory. It depicts the verbal representations for two different languages as two separate but connected logogen systems, characterizes the translation process as the activation along the connections between the logogen systems, and attributes the acquisition of The theory is presented as a set of assumptions and hypotheses concerning the origins and the structural and functional properties of representational systems, along with examples of the empirical implications of those hypotheses. This study examined the nature of bilinguals’ conceptual representations and the links from these representations to words in L1 and L2. This chapter presents a bilingual version of dual coding theory. Thus, this theory proposes that it’s possible to give it a boost.This is because it expands the study material through verbal associations and visual images. This study tested a dual coding approach to bilingual memory using tasks that permit one to compare the effects of bilingual en- coding with verbal-nonverbal dual encod- … The Paivio-Desrochers bilingual dual-coding model has spawned a number of empirical studies involving both European and Asian languages largely supporting the latter. Results replicate and extend those of A. Paivio and W. E. Lambert (see record 1982-09020-001), demonstrating a 3.3:2.4:1 ratio of recall for images to translation equivalents to copying. The purpose of this study was to investigate the memory processes involved in verbal learning for bilingual students. sustained on Paivio and Desrochers’ (1980) dual coding theory to describe L2 reading comprehension for the case of the bilingual learner. Paivio and Desrochers’ (1980) DCT model constituted an expansion of Paivio’s (1971) dual coding theory, which attempted to represent how cognitive processes worked. In order to observe trilingual implications on Paivio's dual-coding theory, 48 undergraduate participants, half bilingual, and half trilingual, •were randomly assigned to one of two conditions. These conditions were either translating or copying a list of 16 words they had to subsequently and unknowingly recall after an irrelevant anagram task. The bilingual dual-coding theory (Paivio, 1986) partially answers the above questions. Later, Ss were unexpectedly tested for recall. Results support bilingual dual coding theory as proposed by Paivio and A. 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