IndiaFacts does not assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information in this article. This is why Krishna remains a figure for thought and search, but never touches one emotionally as do the other figures of this great epic". No character, other than perhaps Krishna, Draupadi and Duryodhana, is immune to it. Chitrāngada (Sanskrit: चित्रांगद, citrāngada) was a king in ancient India. June 23, 2018 in Epics Tour, Mahabharat, Mythology, Story Of Chitrangada And Vichitravirya, Story Of the Mahabharata, महाभारत, মহাভারত. This is in sharp contrast to, say, the Iliad, where the gods and goddesses are directly involved in the Trojan war, have their own favourites, quarrel among themselves and try to fix the match continuously. The three days of Drona’s generalship, however, were days of fierce fighting." And what precisely was dharma when every important Kaurava warrior was killed through subterfuge and treachery? With the onus of making a decision on the future of the Kuru lineage, she was open to the idea of asking Vyasa (her son through Rishi Parasara) to beget children though ambika and ambalika. This article will look at some inspirational women from the Mahabharata, who have broken away from stereotypical roles. However, the women in the Mahabharata bring a unique dimension by being at the center of important turning points in the history of the Kuru lineage. In this context, it will be relevant to look at some inspirational women from the Mahabharata, who have broken away from these stereotypes. Now she was free. Once he went into the forest for hunting, a Gandharva crossed his way. I had often heard of the book from my Maharashtrian friends, but now I decided to buy and read it. Arjuna and chitrangada While he was resting in jungle, he saw Chitrangadha, daughter of king of manipur, Chitrabahana, and fall for her at the first sight as she was on hunting (Here, it is direct lust, nothing else), and asks for hand directly from her father giving his original identity. Chitrangada and Vichitravirya. It was an idle discussion some days ago with a friend about the epic that brought me to Yuganta: The End of an Epoch. Its now known as the anti-diversity memo. When she fell, dying, high up in the Himalayas, during the Padavas’ mahaprasthana, none of her husbands, other than Bhima, turned back, and Yudhishthira told her curtly that she was being punished for loving Arjuna more than her other four husbands. There is no ideal here; there are only duties, attachments, ambitions, imperfections, fallibility, with no happy ending. ", Karve calls the whole story of the Ramayana “fantastic, romantic and other-worldly. “The word used for the period spent in the forest is the same in the case of Draupadi and Sita—vanavasa—but there the comparison ends. Most settlements (or kingdoms) of that time consisted of a town surrounded by some villages and agricultural land, and separated from other kingdoms by dense forests, which covered most of the Indian landmass. A recent controversy has erupted in Google with an employee writing an internal memo against gender diversity and equality. Karve makes a very important contrast between the two elders whom Arjuna did not want to kill—Bhishma and Drona. Can secularism meet its end in India, that is Bharat? To summarise, the memo by the employee had brought out the differences in capabilities and preferences of men and women, which did not go well amongst other employees in the organization. This was seen as valour, and not a lack of masculinity in any way. Unfortunately, his success … To end, I must quote the last two sentences from her preface to the book: “These essays are in a way an attempt to make the younger generation understand my point of view. Lv 6. She asks whether Draupadi has been successful through vows, or incantations, or beauty, or any specific medicaments. The memo adds that women show higher levels of neuroticism and low tolerance to stress. This memo was 10 pages long and has been going viral on social media. Soon after was born of Satyavati an intelligent and heroic son of Santanu named Chitrangada.He was endued with great energy and became an eminent man. It discusses the fates of the Kauravas, the Pandavas, and their successors as also teachings of Krishna that he shared with Arjuna in the battle-field. During the one year, Arjun had numerous strange encounters and married couple of women. This has led to far more questions than any clear answers or enlightenment (whatever that means). Arjuna and Chitrangada. Chitrangada was the beautiful daughter of Chitravahana, who was the King of Manipur. There had been no chance to give herself completely to love. On the advice of sages, h… Rejected by King of Shauba and unable to marry Bhishma or anyone, Amba was dejected initially. He vanquished all of the kings of Bharatvarsha. When offered a second boon, she demanded the freedom of the other Pandavas. The letter added that women find it difficult to reach top leadership positions because of their attitude and lack of drive. Chitrangada was a mighty king and well versed in battle techniques. And thus for twelve years, she made the heavens hot by her austerities.”. Enamored by the princess, Chitrangada, there, he expresses the wish to marry her. But, Chitrangada remained in her own city with her son Babhruvahana when Arjuna returned to Hastinapura. King Santanu had two other sons from his another queen named Satyabati. Mahabharat - Story Of Chitrangada And Vichitravirya by. She elaborates on her daily activities that she performs with utmost devotion and care. Satyabama, the wife of Krishna, with love and curiosity enquires how Draupadi manages to keep the Pandavas devoted to her. The events, if real, may have taken place 3000 years ago in the Gangetic plains. Even Karna, who, for millennia, has been the ultimate star-crossed tragic hero for millions of Indians, is dissected with cold surgical precision. My friends had always assured me that it was a uniquely rational analysis of the Mahabharata and the society it describes, through studying some of its principal characters and their actions. There were only three survivors from the Kauravas—Kripacharya, Kritavarma and Ashwattama. Smrithi can be reached at [email protected], Copyright IndiaFacts Research Centre - 2015, IndiaFacts Webinar: Hinduphobia on Wikipedia, Know Who the Real Fascists Are: The Harsh Mander Video, The Bhattacharjee Chronicles – I: How to Take Over a Country and Reformat its Civilisation, Not Oppressed: A Statement of Shudra Pride. This made it easy to make later additions and interpolations that were politically or socially suited to various times and ages. Karve published Yuganta in Marathi in 1967 and then translated it into English herself. In Sanskrit Chitrangada (चित्रांगदा) means decorated with variegated bracelets or Chitrangad (चित्रांगद) means secretary of a man of rank. Log in to our website to save your bookmarks. The memo had things like “Women prefer jobs in artistic or social areas… Extraversion expressed as gregariousness rather than assertiveness…they exhibit higher level of stress and anxiety” etc. Urvashi. His visited Manipur in the eastern Himalayas, an almost mystic kingdom renowned for its natural beauty. Disclaimer: The opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. “In short," says Karve, “that one event is a blot on the ideal portrait of Rama; but in that very event Sita was transformed from being a shadow of her husband to a person in her own right, with her own sorrows, her own humiliation, and the opportunity to face them entirely on her own.". There is a series on the epic as seen from Duryodhana’s point of view, we have the tale written from Bhima’s perspective (I was a guest speaker at the Delhi launch of the book), and even a bestseller describing the events through the eyes of Karna’s wife. Knowing their talents and personal lives, Setting the rules and managing the hundred thousands horses and elephants that used to accompany Yudhisthira when he set out on any expedition, Knowing the personal stories of the maids, servants, horsemen, shepherds and all the people involved with the royal affairs, Being the only one who knew the exact income and expenditure of the royal treasury. This shows her superior physical, emotional and cognitive capabilities. 9 years ago. Draupadi had no such honour even in her death. When all else has been discussed to death, the Mahabharata is about doubt. In fact, of the 18 chapters of the Bhagvad Gita, Karve believes that only the first six are from the original version, and the others additions made in later centuries after Krishna had been raised to godhood. Chitrangada, in the Hindu epic Mahabharata, is one of Arjuna’s wives. The Agni excuse was invented to provide a socio-spiritually acceptable explanation of the genocide. At the end of the unfortunate incident of vastraharana, looking at the rage of Draupadi and the other Pandavas, Dhritarashtra offered to give a boon to Draupadi. This is something the Mahabharata will never agree. The two friends do so, in an act of wanton brutality that seems radically alien to the characters of the two heroes. In the original telling, Shakuntala was hardly the innocent victim and Dushyanta never had amnesia. In the Mahabharata, he is the elder son of Shantanu and Satyavati, ascending the throne of Hastinapura after his father's death. This conversation beautifully brings out the multidimensionality of activities that Draupadi performed. Chitrangada, in The Mahabharata, scripted by VedVyasa, is the story of a princess, who is one of Arjuna’s wives. He had married several times—Subhadra, Ulupi, Chitrangada—but was he even capable of loving a woman truly? Both of them fell in love in the place and Arjuna asked her hand from her father Chitravahana. And had Arjuna ever loved her? In case you can’t find any email from our side, please check the spam folder. But over time, the Vaishyas turned to trade and commerce and became the mainstay of the new religion of Jainism. It is easy for one to jump to a conclusion that she was a selfish woman. In the Mahabharata, there are questions, answers and doubts regarding the nature of religion and human destiny. To Karve, Krishna “remains an elusive personality", even in his death, which he almost willed upon himself, because of “what he would have called yoga, this calm, this non-involvement. Hearing this, Satyabama apologizes for the inappropriate question. The letter looked very stereotyped though its intention was to highlight how biases exist and how they can be removed. Ambika and Ambalika agreed but Amba made it clear that since she had chosen the King of Shauba as her husband and it was not fair to ask her to marry Vichtravirya. She was reborn as Shikandin, the daughter of Drupada and then became a man to accomplish her mission. As per the oath, Chitrangada never went out of Manipur to Arjun . As for dharma, that concept which has troubled and inspired the argumentative Indian for millennia, Karve has this to say: “There are many discussions in the Mahabharata on dharma and non-dharma, on Atman, and the world. Towards the end of her life, she quietly recedes into the forest and leaves her body. If Kunti had revealed Karna’s true identity earlier—rather than go and plead with him on the eve of the war—the Kuru clan may have been saved. Karve has this to say. Even Sita has been given a happily-ever-after ending by many playwrights—the gods could never be so cruel. Every principal character is flawed and faces existential miseries. Comments are welcome at feedback@livemint.com. Endued with great wrath, she passed the next whole year standing on her front toes and having eaten only one fallen leaf (of a tree). Draupadi asked for the freedom of Yudhisthira. She and her sisters were brought by Bhishma’s power. There were only seven warriors left alive at the end of the war on the Pandava side—the five brothers, Krishna and Satyaki. Again, the memo claims that women are more open to feelings than ideas. Amba was the daughter of the Raja of Kasi. The only time a god makes an appearance is when the fire god Agni requests Krishna and Arjuna to burn down the Khandava forest with all its inhabitants because he is ravenously hungry. He was Vyasa, the one who wrote Mahabharata. Bathing, eating and sleeping only after her husbands and their attendants have done them. They exhibit well-balanced emotions and adopt a very humane approach to dealing with situations. The internet is debating if the views expressed were right or wrong. Here are some of the things she lists: Through these, did Draupadi earn the respect and devotion of the Pandavas. When Shantanu passed away, Chitrangada became the king. Was this down to politics, statecraft or appeasement? Chakravarty, Member-Secretary of the Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts, contains an introduction by him and twenty articles divided into four sections (textual complex, regional traditions, performance and purushartha). It is said of her that “entering a cluster of retreats practised austerities, that were beyond human powers (of endurance). Mystical ecstasy gained ground, denying the reality of the sword-semen-treachery-driven world that the Mahabharata describes in pitiless detail. When stopped by Shantanu, she had to leave him as per their agreement. 76 Heritage The Travels of Chitrangada and Tagore’s Philosophy Dr. Sudeshna Mitra Assistant Professor, Dept. The name of the Gandharva was same as Chitrangada. The women in the Mahabharata demonstrate a blend of emotion and level-headedness. But the more we read about her, the more pragmatic she appears. Ascertaining this, come hither, and then take me with thee”. “In almost every episode, insult is piled upon insult, constantly adding fuel to the hatred in her heart. With the onus of making a decision on the future of the Kuru lineage, she was open to the idea of asking Vyasa (her son through Rishi Parasara)  to beget children though ambika and ambalika. They were under tremendous pressure to marry Vichitravirya. She had two children, Chitrangada and Vichitravirya through Shantanu. A courageous hero, a virtuous heroine—all the stuff of the Sanskrit kavya (literary, especially poetry) tradition.". She took care of Bhishma and ensured that he would receive the best of education in his formative years. We have no evidence at all that the Mahabharatic people knew how to write. The Mahabharata, if one treats it—as Karve does—as a record of a series of historical events that would shape the Indic mind forever, is then a story that encompasses all human experience and all human predicaments and emotions. Amba is a great example of how women can take a resolve and accomplish it despite obstacles. The same is true for the tale of that godly king Harishchandra—the story we are most commonly told about him is utterly incongruent with what we are told in the Mahabharata. Chitrangadaa gives birth to Arjuna’s son Babruvahana. The late Irawati Karve (1905-70) was a sociologist, anthropologist, teacher and writer—and as an early feminist, apparently the first woman in Pune to ride a scooter. Satyavati can be seen as a very practical woman. Your session has expired, please login again. This involves the rise of the bhakti tradition, romantic deification and a penchant for a happily-ever-after ending. Karve points out that the tone of the dialogue changes dramatically from the seventh chapter onwards. Even in the forest, she could not escape the responsibility of being a daughter, daughter-in-law and wife of great kings. Chitrangada was the elder son of Shantanu and Satyavati. Source(s): Mahabharata/ 1 0. odampully. Story of Chitrangada and Arjun happens during the one year exile period in Mahabharata for entering the room of Draupadi and interpreting her courtship with Yudhisthira. This is possibly the best definition of scientific temper that I have ever read, and we all know that we need more and more of that when we look at our magnificent Indic heritage, and the terrible and self-destructive bitterness that has taken hold of our current national discourse. This article is not a rebuttal to the memo but throws light on the multi dimensional capabilities of women through some classic examples. “But Sita’s exile was unshadowed by hatred and suffering. Chitrangada died early in his life and Vichitravirya too succumbed to a disease. Join Mint channel in your Telegram and stay updated with the latest business news. Here he met the gentle Chitrangada, daughter of the king of Manipur, and was moved to seek her hand in marriage. It'll just take a moment. Why did Duryodhana go straight to heaven (certainly a later interpolation), while everyone else had to get a small or large taste of hell before they ascended? The passing of Sita, entirely due to Rama choosing to give public pressure precedence over his selfish love has been debated for ages, and will continue to be. “Bhishma had fought a mock battle for 10 days (as the Kauravas’ general) in a last effort to dissuade both sides from pursuing the war. He ascended the throne of Hastinapura after his father's death, but was killed by a Gandharva namesake. 9. 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