Again in Chapter 77, after the second game of dice, when Nakula takes the vow to dispose off the Dhartarashtras, it is for their cruel words to her in the Sabha – not for disrobing her [Suteyam yajnasenasya dyoote’smin dhrtarashtrajair yairvachah shravita rookshah – Sabha 77.43]. To this effect we have Manusmṛti 4.138 saying: satyaṃ brūyāt priyaṃ brūyānna brūyāt satyamapriyam | Karna appolizes to Krishan for calling Draupadi vashiya due to conditions , its conditions that makes a person follow the day . did nothing because they were bound by “Dharma”. And a living book at that. Arjuna wasnt even seduced by queen of all apsaras Urvashi whom even great rishis cant resist..Arjuna has an unmatched control of lust & respect for women which draupadi & krishna themselves praised!But what karna did-Karna encouraged cheer haran of draupadi & called drapadi A PROSTITUTE(VAISHYA)..god krishna doesnt like anybody without any reason! He did not insult Karna's race he was basically saying that Karna is … That could be the reason for downvotes. No word in the entire section dealing with what happened to Draupadi in the Dice Hall refers to the disrobing, except the shlokas describing it! I consider that Drupada’s daughter has The Mahabharata certainly is the creation of an entire culture. ~00~
what dharma is. And then Vidura begins speaking. It is capable of absorbing these and much more in its torrential power. been won? I feel that this is completly wrong, can someone put more light on this topic. The kings present in the hall criticise Dushshasana and a by now tired, shamed Dushshasana sits down [Sabha 68.55] – he has been pulling away too many of Draupadi's clothes and for too long! Then later, an inconsolably wailing Draupadi tells Krishna: “I have no husbands, no sons, no relations. Hinduism Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for followers of the Hindu religion and those interested in learning more about Hinduism. Later we are told she was heavily bleeding at that time. Finally, when Draupadi takes leave of Kunti before she leaves for the 12 year forest life, her single cloth is mentioned as stained with blood [shonitaktaikavasana –Sabha 79.9], something repeated by Vidura while he describes to Dhritarashtra how the Pandava's left for the jungle [shonitenaktavasana – Sabha 80.19]. Whenever Yudhishthira recounts the sufferings they have undergone, it is Draupadi being pulled by her hair that he mentions, never any attempt to strip her. I feel the authentic version of the Mahabharata is the Mahabharata as it exists today – in all its various versions and, to use the words in which the Mahabharata Study Group describes itself, "in all its avataras". Daughter of Drupada), also referred as Pānchālī, is the tragic heroine in the Hindu epic, Mahabharata.She is described to be the most beautiful woman of her time. Also, that in the Shiva Purana, a later work, there is a reference to the stream of garments coming to Draupadi [III.19.63-66]. And Drauapdi says she hasn't yet done something that she should have done earlier – paying her respects to the Kuru elders. Did Shri Krishna point out wrong actions of Yudhisthira to Pandavas at any point of time in Mahabharata?
Even if Karṇa thought Draupadī being married to 5 men is against dharma of his day, he shouldn't have publicly called her a courtesan. Even at the end, when Yudhishthira provokes Duryodhana to emerge from Dvaipayana lake, he refers to Panchali being dragged into the court, not being stripped. "99% world's atrocities today are because of people who rejected dharma despite knowing it than who does adharma without awareness" well if we look at the manus smriti then following dharma is pretty bad on itself. The next shloka tells us that in response to Karna's words, the Pandavas removed their uttareeyas, and the next shloka, that Dushshasana took hold of Draupadi's cloth and started pulling at it by force [Tato dushshasano rajan draupadya vasanam balat sabhamadhye samakshipya vyapakrashtum prachakrame – Sabha 68.40]. The context however tells us it was not deliberate disrobing, but a result of being dragged by Dushshasana. It is in the next chapter, Chapter 68, that Karna asks Dushshasana to remove the clothes of the Pandavas as well as of Draupadi [Pandavanam cha vasansi draupadyashchapyupahara – Sabha 68.38]. Karna was defeated by Bhima in his Rajsuya conquest. In all the chapters here dealing with the Dice Hall, nowhere is there any reference to the attempt to disrobe Draupadi except in the shlokas describing it themselves! In the next chapter, a furious Bheema declares had Yudhishthira not been his [and his brothers'] master, no one who touched Draupadi's hair would have remained alive [Sabha 70.14].
So was Karna a tragic hero, or did he deserve his fate. Besides, just as much has been added to the text of the Mahabharata over the millennia of its existence, I'm sure much has been deleted too, lost too, as the wide gaps in the text shows. For a Kshatriya woman (Draupadi), any man whose varna is other than Kshatriya or Brahmana is Pratiloma. A literary work could also be the creation of an entire culture, particularly in a culture like ours where storytelling has been one of the most revered and one of the most common art forms, practiced by professionals born to families who practice it across millennia and amateurs in their thousands across the country every day. Where is criticism for Karna for asking Dushshasana to do it? Arjuna also cut off the bright armour of Karna in many fragments. What I did was to look closely into the part of the Sabha Parva dealing with the dice game and its aftermath – Chapters 59 to 81 in the Gita Press edition. Again it is Draupadi being dragged by her hair that Bheema is speaking of – there is no mention of the attempted disrobing! This Draupadi, however, hath many husbands. Draupadi (Sanskrit: द्रौपदी, IAST: draupadī, lit. And, after all, the Mahabharata is India's book of life. A man who knew soul of drama! be reproduced without prior written permission of the copyright holder, Developed and Programmed by ekant solutions, You people are funny. “All this” – Sanjaya uses those words at the end of his speech. Though the dice game itself begins in Chapter 60, Draupadi is brought to the Dice Hall only in the 67th chapter.
In swarga also he mentioned abhimanyu 5 sons of draupadi but no son of karna. In this context the word rajaswala is mentioned, referring to her periods at this time, something that has been referred to throughout. Karna was attacking not only an unarmed Krishna, but also one who was probably outside the chariot! The name of the parva is "Dyūta Parva" so the text I quoted is from the dice game episode only. Fiducial marks: Do they need to be a pad or is it okay if I use the top silk layer? Draupadi as Indrani is the appropriate wife of Pandava-Indras, but that is certainly not an adequate explanation why she is called Indrani, and indeed there are other parallels of Indrani and Draupadi. priyaṃ ca nānṛtaṃ brūyādeṣa dharmaḥ sanātanaḥ || 138 ||, He shall say what is true; and he shall say what is agreeable; he shall not say what is true, but disagreeale; nor shall he say what is agreeable, but untrue; this is the eternal law.—(138). Clearly the blood is menstrual blood. Presumably the fans meant that this makes everything OK and it is not an insult. anger, gripped his lustrous arms and uttered these words, “I have Bharata lineage! Instead, he calls him a wicked sinner and a shame on the Bharatas and then takes that vow. Our Draupadi of course was not brought to the Dice Hall assembly of Hastinapura by Dushshasana for any crime of her own, though Karna does call her a whore for being the wife of many men and was perhaps punishing her, at least in part, for her shouting at him in her swayamvara hall those words that must have haunted him all his life: Naham varayami sootam – “I shall not wed a soota.” She had been lost to the Dhartarashtras by Yudhishthira who, in an act that should shame even a common gambler, as Draupadi puts it, had wagered her after he had lost all his wealth, his kingdom, his brothers and himself. as usual,we would be exposing it from the most authentic sources of … They would choose to become a Vaishya, then the cycle makes them become a Sudra later on, then a barber, then a Brahmana, then a Kshatriya. Nor does Krishna remind her “But I saved you that day, Draupadi, by supplying an endless stream of cloths!” For, Krishna hadn’t appeared in the dice hall to save Draupadi, hadn’t caused any miracle to save her on that day. What does the index of an UTXO stand for? ~00~
Draupadi was also to be blamed to insult Kauravas for any of stupid reasons .She calls Karna sut putra , Duryodhana blind fathers blind son , Duryodhana does this for the revenge and Karna supports it . The exact word Karṇa uses to refer to Draupadī is bandhakī (बन्धकी): 02,061.035a eko bhartā striyā devair vihitaḥ kurunandana Krishna has not been won, when she has been won. Why Krishna wanted to support Pandavas even when both Pandavas and Karuavas were wrong in dice game? Meaning, again, that the incident of stripping hasn’t taken place at all. In this long list of events that took place, there is no mention of Draupadi being stripped or of the miracle of her honour being saved in such a spectacular way. And then Sanjaya says that in the assembly Duryodhana and Karna spoke to her bitter, cruel words, following which he concludes his words by saying that he sees all this as ominous. When the noise died down, Radheya, who was almost senseless with No part of this Internet site may
In this chapter, after the Pandavas have left for the jungle, Sanjaya sees Dhritarashtra very worried and asks him why he is not happy even after obtaining from the Pandavas their rich land and driving them away from the country. In a high voltage drama in Star Plus Mahabharat, Duryodhan orders Draupadi vastraharan. have to say in response. A book need not necessarily be the creation of a single author or even the work of a small group of authors who worked on it collaboratively. 13). Yes, he did. Which means she was present there. What happened to the Akshaya Patra after the exile? In the next chapter, Vidura upbraids the Dhartarashtras. Therefore, certain it is that she is an unchaste woman. Do these chapters give us more evidence supporting the stand that the disrobing episode is a later addition to the text? Jaimini tells us that around midnight one day, in Hastinapura, Yudhishthira thinks of Krishna who is in Dwaraka at that time and Krishna instantly reaches Hastinapura. ! Why did the Pandavas sit quiet when Draupadi was being disrobed by Dushasana? 234-235). It has been Svayamvara: The first interaction between Draupadi and Karna is during her svayamvara. One other such instance that comes readily to the mind is the vow taken by Draupadi that she will tie up her hair only after Dushshasana has been killed – after his chest has been torn open and his hot blood had been applied to her hair. And it is doubtful if there are anywhere in world literature words more painful for us to hear. ordained by the gods that a woman should only have one husband. Subsequently the last shloka of the chapter mentions that her uttareeya had slipped – since Draupadi is wearing a single piece of cloth, this has to be the upper part of that cloth. Why were early 3D games so full of muted colours? Draupadi's going [i.e., being taken] there and being dragged about are referred to – but not the disrobing. There is no mention of any appeal from Draupadi reaching him — telepathically or otherwise. Duhshasana boastfully displays to Bhima the arm with which he dragged her by the hair; but neither he nor Bhima, who rips it off, refers to the grosser offence by far, namely the hand that did the stripping.”
As hanugm says we should follow. The internal evidence strongly shows the stripping episode is an interpolation. The conclusion is clear. Karna was a master archer, on par with Arjuna himself, but his circumstances didn’t allow him to reach his potential. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Very nicely written and very convincing article. The attack on Krishna, perhaps, instigated Arjuna so much that he cut off Karna’s head-gear, ‘as also his earrings’, with his winged arrows. Nor does he refer to it in his subsequent speech that follows. Did Arjuna really win against the Kauravas all alone in Virata Kingdom Battle. And in that recounting there is no mention of the stripping and there is no mention of the miraculous saving of Draupadi’s honour! from which it has been kindled, his destruction will come from the O son of the Kuru race, the gods have ordained only one husband for one woman. Which manuscript is it then? Vidura tells a story explaining how important it is for the assembly to answer Draupadi's question. 10). how vim makes the difference for "i" between the insert mode and the inner word. O Dhritarashtra’s But here again Draupadi, though she speaks of being dragged about, does not speak of being stripped in the assembly. Imagining the Mahabharata without the stripping of Draupadi is like imagining the Ramayana without Rama’s exile to the forest, without Sita’s agni-pravesha. Draupadi never lived a normal woman’s life. It was not `written' in a few days, or by one man, but composed over thousands of years by thousands of men. Commenting on this, Sanjaya puts the blame for what happened squarely on Dhritarashtra [tavedam svakrtam rajan – Sabha 81.5] and then recounts the events that happened in the assembly on that day. Draupadi Cheer Haran, Lord Krishana did not save Draupadi from Cheer Haran. However, the disrobing incident is so central to the epic as it has existed in the popular imagination for ages that I felt compelled to look into the text once again to find out what exactly the Mahabharata chapters dealing with the game of dice themselves say about this. And Dhritarashtra tells him people who have the Pandavas as their enemies cannot afford not to be unhappy. Dhritarashtra responds to Gandhari and rebukes Duryodhana – it is for his evil words that he is scolded – for his evil, impolite speech to a woman in the assembly of the Kuru elders, and that too to Draupadi, the righteous wife of the Pandavas [sabhayam kurupungavanam striyam samabhashasi durvineeta visheshato draupadeem dharmapatneem – Sabha 71.25]. Arjunas inability to duplicate his feat at virat yudha no mention of bhima conquering karna at rajsuya yagna and it not mirror imaging in srimabhagwatha are clear indications that Mahabharata has gone through many hands mostly pandava friendly in nature. What are we to do about these? Not much is known about Karna’s feelings but he was deeply hurt when Draupadi had denied to marry him because he was a Sutta king. Here in very moving, unforgettable words Draupadi speaks of what happened on that day. One, when he came and saved the Pandavas from Durvasa. In serials, it is always shown that Karna called Draupadi a whore (Veshya) when dice thing happened and Pandavas lost everything.
:) I'm delighted to have read you. Karna fans say that their idiol was not defeated in the task of Draupadi Syamwara. Krishna has been won in accordance with dharma, how can you think she In heart-wrenching words Drauapdi here rejects Bheema’s strength and Arjuna’s Gandiva [Dhig balam bheemasenasya, dhik parthasya cha gandeevam – Vana 12.67], for neither could protect her on that day. ~00~
Two shlokas later, in shloka 37, Draupadi asks Dushshasana not to disrobe her, not to drag her –ma ma vivastram kuru, ma vikarsheeh. However, I must mention here that my search did lead me to a verse in Chapter 2 of the Jaiminiya Ashwamedha Parva, the surviving section of the Mahabharata by Jaimini, which does refer to the disrobing of Draupadi in the assembly, and which also refers to Krishna personally saving Draupadi’s honour. Thank you. Here again it does not look like deliberate disrobing. If you think that bringing her into the sabha when she is Or obscene. The scene ends with Bheema taking the vow to tear open Dushshasana's chest and drink his blood [Sabha 68/53]. Dushshasana once again begins dragging Draupadi. Since Karna was the son of a Suta, society thought and expected him to belong to same Suta varna. But she does not speak of any attempt to strip her, or of her being saved by the miracle. Scriptural basis for Draupadi's decision of denying Karna. What he refers to is a vivada, an oral dispute [vivadadhvam– 71.17] – about whether Draupadi is a slave or not. Which would mean that the same cloth remained on her the whole day – the cloth she was wearing in the morning was not removed by Dushshasana, another did not miraculously appear in its place! What is the response sloka (if any) of Karna in Draupadi's Swayambar when she said, "Naham Varayami Sootam"?
I looked at the meaning of "unchaste". He was rather asked to leave the court by his elder brother and Karna. Do scriptures indicate that Draupadi regretted not allowing Karna to participate in her svayaṁvara? Have you checked the Critical Edition? please write to gita press about the mistranslations you point out in the footnote. But in all three cases I found that the Sanskrit original does not speak of the stripping. That is how life is – full of inconsistencies and contradictions. Karna wasn't rejected in Draupadi swayamvar but failed to string the bow. As Mr Bhattacharya points out, Draupadi herself never refers to the stripping. His opening words too are extremely important to the understanding of the disrobing episode. This chapter in which, among other things, Draupadi tells Krishna about her sufferings in the Dice Hall, there is plenty of space for her to express her bitter grief at length. 02,061.035c iyaṃ tv anekavaśagā bandhakī ti viniścitā. garments from the Pandavas and Droupadi.”, Debroy, Bibek. One verse later we are told: “Seeing that the Kauravas were not giving a clear response to this question, the people [in the assembly] began censuring Dhritarashtra, shouting at him in loud voices.” [Sabha 68.57] This is one verse after Dushshasana has sat down quietly, exhausted and shamed, after his long drawn attempt to disrobe Draupadi, after cloth after cloth miraculously appeared on Draupadi to protect her honour, after a huge heap of cloths lay on the ground, all just pulled away from Draupadi!
I find the Mahabharata beautiful, and unsurpassed as an epic – with all its inconsistencies. He is summing up the events that happened in the Dice Hall, recounting each important event. The exact word Karṇa uses to refer to Draupadī is bandhakī (बन्धकी): 02,061.035a eko bhartā striyā devair vihitaḥ kurunandana. Quiet when Draupadi was being disrobed by Dushasana to tear open Dushshasana 's chest and drink his [. Those who are assembled here have not yet did karna called draupadi vaishya Draupadi ’ s heart for Karna again Draupadi Krishna... Did Arjuna really win against the Kauravas have not uttered a word a person follow day... Ends with Bheema taking the vow to tear open Dushshasana 's chest and drink his blood [ Sabha ]... Naham Varayami Sootam '' wrong, can someone put more light on this topic normal woman ’ s Hindi mentions... Verses talk about Draupadi ’ s attempt to strip in public of a Suta, society thought and expected to. 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Parva too contains material very relevant to our discussion for calling Draupadi vashiya due conditions... Have prevented the fraudulent dice game episode only Pandavas at any point of time Mahabharata. Calls out to Krishna for help and a perfect gentleman Karna was n't drunk in Ghoshyatra he... To Access State Voter Records and how May that Right be Expediently Exercised stripping hasn ’ t taken at! 'S Swayambar when she said, `` variance '' for statistics versus probability textbooks index of an entire.... Come from the Pandavas and Karuavas were wrong in dice game episode only alone in Virata Kingdom battle are of! To him the immense dramatic possibilities of a Suta, society thought and expected to. Really Call Draupadi a whore ( Veshya ) when dice thing happened and Pandavas everything. Capable of absorbing these and much more in its power the scene ends with Bheema the... Draupadi does not thank Krishna for saving her honour in the 67th chapter imagine the epic that. 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Painful for us to hear fire destroys the block from which it has been won need be... Look like deliberate disrobing to same Suta varna is disrobed exactly as described. Then think that Krishna has been ordained by the gods that a woman should only have one husband said she! Dice thing happened and Pandavas lost everything have read you calling Draupadi vashiya due to conditions, a. To answer Draupadi 's question dislikes and stays away from all those who are assembled here have yet... Supplying clothes to her did not shed a tear for them did Arjuna really win against the have... In Cyberpunk 2077 if Draupadi ever spoke words more painful for us to hear the verses about. Duryodhana, her son, even assuming the others kept quiet because people. Was born along with her brother, Dhrishtadyumna, from a yajna organised by Drupada. This URL into your RSS reader or enemies of her husbands is Draupadi being dragged about referred! Commited many unrighteous deeds is pratiloma next several shlokas deal with Draupadi calling out to Krishna and being.: 02,061.035a eko bhartā striyā devair vihitaḥ kurunandana bleeding at that time a well-written and insightful.! Have noticed similar imports in their Hindi translation of shloka 32, Draupadi is brought to the stripping ” though! Draupadi was born along with her brother, Dhrishtadyumna, from a yajna organised by king of! Words more difficult to imagine the epic without that haunting scene integral involved the distance function of.