Comparison of Erikson and Maslow Tianna Hillis PSY 405 January 30, 2012 Jill Bean Comparison of Erikson and Maslow Personality affects many aspects of life. In several aspects while Alderfer’s theory is similar to the one given by Maslow; it redefines Maslow’s theory to simplify it. According to Maslow, we all have five levels of need. ” The ERG theory attempted to improve upon Maslow’s needs hierarchy by allowing more flexibility of movement between needs. Furthermore, the ERG theory also acknowledges that the differences in cultures may result in varying degree of emphasis put on different needs. SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ALL THREE • All are theories of motivation – outlines how to best understand and motivate employees. After reading you will understand the basics of this powerful motivation theory. Maslow’s Theory vs. Alderfer’s Theory 1) Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs Theory: Before Clayton P. Alderfer, another American Psychologist, Abraham Maslow, explained the causes for behavior, or the motivation to perform: Basically, Motivation results from a demand of a need to be satisfied, and the act or performance it takes to satisfy that need is behavior. ERG theory proposes three categories of needs instead of five categories. This article explains the ERG Theory by Clayton Alderfer in a practical way. So frustration can lead to a regression to a lower need. The ERG theory is less rigid than Maslow’s “hierarchy of needs” theory, proposing that people may move down as well as up the hierarchy, depending on their aptitude to gratify desires. Alderfer’s ERG Theory. • All indicate that The existence group is concerned with providing the basic material existence requirements of humans. ERG Theory is an Improvement from Hierarchy of Needs Theory. Existence needs are the most concrete because they involve objects such as food, water, and shelter. Comparing Maslow’s Theory of Needs with Vroom’s Expectancy Theory. The need for achievement, affiliation, and power all operate in combination and are the result of a person’s life experiences. This article will help you to make comparison between Maslow’s and ERG theory of motivation of employees. A CRITICAL REVIEW AND COMPARISM BETWEEN MASLOW, HERZBERG AND McCLELLAND’S THEORY OF NEEDS Published on May 9, 2017 May 9, 2017 • 39 Likes • 2 Comments It influences behavior and social relations. They were E – Existence, R- Relatedness and G for growth needs. Maslow’s Hierarchy was seen as not sufficient enough because of the idea that individuals could not go back and forth through the different needs. ERG theory counters Maslow’s theory by noting that when a higher- order need level is frustrated the individual’s desire to increase a lower- level need takes place. Needs were separated into three separate categories: 1. Definition: Alderfer’s ERG Theory is the extension of Maslow’s Needs Hierarchy, wherein the Maslow’s five needs are categorized into three categories, Viz. 1. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs vs. Alderfer's ERG There are a few differences between Maslow's and Alderfer's theories. Alderfer further developed Maslow's hierarchy of needs by categorizing the hierarchy into his ERG theory (Existence, Relatedness and Growth). ERG theory of motivation is the condensed form of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. They include the items that Maslow considered to be physiological and safety needs. Further Reading. Maslow was also intrigued by this concept and he came up with his theory of the hierarchies of need. The ERG theory is an adaptation of Maslow’s theory on the hierarchy of needs. The ERG theory is less rigid than Maslow’s “hierarchy of needs” theory, proposing that people may move down as well as up the hierarchy, depending on their aptitude to gratify desires. This theory was established in order to better serve employees of different organizations. Alderfer’s ERG theory suggests that there are three groups of core needs: existence (E), relatedness (R), and growth (G)—hence the acronym ERG. Maslow's need heirarchy What are some similarities or differences between Maslow & Alderfer? What is ERG Theory? The theory was developed by Clayton Paul Alderfer, an American psychologist, and consultant, between the 60s and the 70s, based on the empirical study conducted at a factory in Easton, Pennsylvania. Similarities of Maslow and Herzberg Theory of Motivation. Alderfer gave three key categories of needs. 51 - 60 of 500 . Some studies have found that David McClelland’s acquired needs theory can predict success in management. Clayton Paul Alderfer is an American psychologist who developed Maslow’s hierarchy of needs into a theory of his own. Clayton Alderfer’s ERG theory modifies Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory. According to ERG theory, worker satisfaction and motivation vary with the extent to which a job matches a given worker’s needs. Maslow model suggested that in modern social worker has already satisfied their lower level need, so they are now motivated by higher needs. 3.Social- Friendship, affection, belonging, These groups align with Maslow’s levels of physiological needs, social needs, and self-actualization needs, respectively. Inability to satisfy a need for social interaction, for instance, might increase the desire for more money or better working conditions. Acquired Needs Theory. ERG needs are organized on a concreteness continuum rather than a hierarchy. Alderfer’s ERG Theory Vs. Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Needs” Theory. ERG Theory The ERG Theory is a motivational theory derived from Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. (ii) The ERG theory also improves the Maslow’s theory on the ground that a person does not stay at a certain level until that need is satisfied. Alderfer ERG Theory Self-actualization 1. 1. Physiological- Food, Water, shelter 2.Safety or Security- protection against threat and deprivation. Existence Needs, Relatedness Needs, and Growth Needs. ERG Theory vs Hierarchy of Needs Theory. He recategorized Maslow’s hierarchy of needs into three simpler and broader classes of needs: Existence needs-These include need for basic material necessities. The ERG theory is less rigid than Maslow’s “hierarchy of needs” theory, proposing that people may move down as well as up the hierarchy, depending on their aptitude to gratify desires. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory postulates that needs could be categorized into 5 broad categories, namely: Physiological, Safety, Love, Esteem, and Self-Actualization. To bring Maslow’s need hierarchy theory of motivation in synchronization with empirical research, Clayton Alderfer redefined it in his own terms. Meanwhile, Maslow’s theory enables managers to develop a management style that can meet the needs of employees as is presented in the hierarchy of needs. His rework is called as ERG theory of motivation. Alderfer’s ERG Theory Vs. Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Needs” Theory. On the other hand, ERG theory suggested that the failure to satisfy relatedness or growth needs will cause renewed interest in existence need. Maslow vs Herzberg Theory of Motivation Difference between Maslow and Herzberg theory of motivation is that, Maslow’s theory is concerned about different levels of needs which affect the motivation levels of the employees; Herzberg’s two factor theory is concerned about the relationship between the employee satisfaction and motivation levels. "Comparison Of Erg Theory With Maslow Theory" Essays and Research Papers . Let us now consider three popular content theories of motivation: Maslow’s need hierarchy theory, Alderfer’s ERG theory, and McClelland’s need theory. 2. There is a great similarity between Maslow’s and Herzberg’s models of motivation. His observations led to the ERG theory, which essentially condenses Maslow’s hierarchy to three levels of need: existence, relatedness, and growth (hence ERG). Let’s have a closer look at Alderfer’s motivational model, 1969’s ERG Theory. First, Maslow’s hierarchy theory as an earlier proposition, it creates the base on which Vroom’s expectancy theory, a later edition, builds on. • They all illustrate what employees generally need and want in order to achieve a better work environment (high morale and productivity). Alderfer’s ERG Theory. A close examination of Herzberg’s model indicates that for those employees who have achieved a level of social and economic progress in the society, higher-level needs of Maslow’s model (esteem and self-actualization) are the primary motivators. Alderfer’s ERG theory suggests that there are three groups of core needs: existence (E), relatedness (R), and growth (G)—hence the acronym ERG. Differences between ERG theory and Maslow’s model. However, there are some key differences between the two versions. Maslow was of the opinion that a person will move to the next level only if the needs of the previous level are satisfied. ERG theory of motivation differs from Maslow’s theory of motivation hierarchy in the following ways : The lower need does not need to be satisfied that means if person satisfies needs at hand, does not take into consideration the satisfaction of previous need. Alderfer’s ERG Theory Vs. Maslow’s “Hierarchy of Needs” Theory. The complete name of Abraham Maslow was Abraham Harold Maslow and he was an incredibly famous American psychologist. Existence needs concern our basic material requirements for living. ทฤษฎีอี-อาร์-จี(ERG Theory) ... ซึ่งมีพื้นฐานมาจากทฤษฎีความต้องการของ Maslow โดย Alderfer สรุปว่า ความต้องการของมนุษย์สามารถแบ่งออกเป็น 3 กลุ่ม ได้แก่. Analysis 6 Maslow hierarchy of needs 7 Alderfer’S ERG theory 8 Acquired needs theory 8 Cognitive evaluation theory 8 Two factor theory (Herzberg) 9 Equity theory 9 Reinforcement theory 10 Expectancy theory (Vroom) 10 Recommendation and conclusion 10 Conclusion 10 Recommendation 11 Develop a positive work climate 11 Employee development 11 Focus more on intrinsic and extrinsic motivators … Introduction Many academics have examined various theories with respect to satisfying needs and motivation. Abraham Maslow, a psychologist, first published his need hierarchy theory of motivation in 1943. However, before proceeding to discuss the theory in detail, it is important for readers to learn about the life of Abraham Maslow. PRactice Questions. 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