Iago reassures Roderigo that he hates Othello. Emilia and Desdemona enter, and Othello complains of a headache. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Othello, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Copyright © 2016. The witch placed a spell on it that guaranteed the faithfulness of whomever the handkerchief’s owner loved. Othello begins on a street in Venice, in the midst of an argument between Roderigo and Iago. Last Updated on June 20, 2020, by eNotes Editorial. A summary of Part X (Section5) in William Shakespeare's Othello. Here, Iago seemingly holds reputation in the highest esteem; it is the "jewel of [a man's] soul" ("who steals my purse steals trash . Othello sends Iago away, but he speaks to himself, doubting that Desdemona loves him. Summary. Scene 3. The scene shows that Othello is now occupied, which allows the next scene to take shape. Last Updated on June 20, 2020, by eNotes Editorial. Get the eBook on Amazon to study offline. Iago's plan takes another step forward, as Cassio is making progress in gaining an interview with Desdemona. Emilia tells Desdemona that all men eventually become jealous and cruel. Iago tells him to cool his jets, and also to kill Cassio when the opportunity arises, which, according to Iago, will happen that night between midnight and 1:00 AM. Othello Study Guide. Already a member? Have study documents to share about Othello? But Othello sends down a clown, or servant, who mocks the musicians and sends them away. It opens upon Othello, Iago, and some gentlemen from Cyprus. Othello: Act 1, Scene 1 – Summary & Analysis The play opens at night, with Roderigo and Iago arguing in a Venetian street; Roderigo has been paying Iago regularly to help him begin a relationship with Desdemona, but he has learnt that she has recently married Othello, Iago’s commander. Othello gives Iago some letters to send to the Venetian senate, and tells him to meet him on the fortifications. While the handkerchief was in her possession, Desdemona was in charge of her virtue. However, Iago volunteers that Cassio has been talking about Desdemona in his sleep and says that he saw Cassio with the handkerchief that Othello had given to her. Othello insists that his wife produce the handkerchief that he gave her as a sign of affection, but she continues to advocate for Cassio, eventually ignoring his demands altogether. Retrieved December 23, 2020, from https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Othello/. Find out what happens in our Act 1, Scene 1 summary for Othello by William Shakespeare. "Othello Study Guide." The rich Roderigo has been paying Iago to help him in his suit to Desdemona, but he has seen no progress, and he has just learned that Desdemona has married Othello, a general whom Iago serves as ensign. . Othello probes deeper, asking Iago to reveal anything he has not yet said. Cassio asks the clown to entreat Emilia to come speak with him, so that he can ask her for access to Desdemona. For instance, in scene 1, the clown asks if the musicians play wind instruments, and then says, “O, thereby hangs a tail.” While the musicians think that he has said “tale,” the suggestion is that the wind is coming from where their tails would hang, or that their music sounds like flatulence. Desdemona suspects that some political affair must have put Othello in a bad mood. Despite having a short appearance in the overall play, the clown humorously reminds us that words are not always to be trusted and that they can often fail to convey a particular message to the speaker and the listener. Iago simply says that Cassio is an honest man and that people should be what they appear to be. While Cassio is asking Desdemona to support him and help him relinquish his position as Lieutenant there appears to be some underlying affection for one another throughout the scene. Web. An important gap is beginning to open here: the audience knows Iago to be a scheming threat to Othello and Desdemona, but the characters in the play grow more certain that he's not only honest, but is actively helping them in their time of need. Othello falls into a trance of rage, and Iago decides to hammer home his false ideas about his wife. Analysis. Iago asks how Desdemona and Cassio know one another, and Othello tells him that Cassio acted as a messenger, delivering messages between the lovers when Othello was wooing her. Perdition catch my soul, /But I do love thee! Iago and Cassio enter. Read along to this summary of Act 3, scenes 1-3 of the classic Shakespeare play "Othello." Summary: Act III, scene i In an effort to win Othello’s good graces, Cassio sends musicians to play music beneath the general’s window. Analysis This scene serves as a kind of comic relief — that is, it gives the audience's emotions a brief pause from the tension of the preceding acts and offers the audience some respite before it is plunged into the highly emotional scenes that very swiftly follow. Analysis Trying to regain Othello 's favor, Cassio hires musicians to play beneath his window. Act 1 Scene 1 The play opens as Iago is telling Roderigo that he hates Othello because Othello has promoted Cassio to be his lieutenant instead of him, even though Cassio ‘never set a squadron in the field’ and has much less experience. Upload them to earn free Course Hero access! Othello notices that Cassio was just speaking to his wife, and when he asks her about it, she pressures him to show Cassio mercy, asking how soon he will reverse his decision to demote Cassio. A Clown banters with the Musicians and Cassio. Desdemona initially says that it is not on her person but that she knows where it is. Othello asks Iago to go pay the captain of the ship who brought him to Cyprus. William Shakespeare's Othello explained with play and scene summaries in just a few minutes! Bianca suspects that it was given to him by a new lover, but he tells her that he simply thinks it is pretty, and he knows that he will have to give the original back to its owner eventually. Scene 4 begins with Desdemona, Emilia, and the clown. The letter to Venice sent with the ship's pilot would announce that Cyprus is safe after the destruction of the Turkish fleet. He continues with similar wordplay in scene 3 when speaking to Desdemona, playing with the homonym of lie (to recline) and lie (to tell falsities). Next. Othello's clown comes out and asks the players why their instruments sound so nasal. Much like the clown, who speaks on a separate layer from the other characters, Othello and Desdemona are speaking past one another, although the stakes are now much higher. The design—red on white cloth—is reminiscent of bloodstains on a sheet, a practice used to determine a bride’s virginity, and Othello, who tells Desdemona that the red dye was made from virgin’s blood, reminds us of this. Analysis On a street in Venice, Italy, Roderigo, a nobleman, and Iago are in the middle of an argument. Emilia suggests that Othello may actually be the jealous type. In spite of Iagos service in battle and the recomm… Desdemona tells the clown to find Cassio and let him know that she has spoken to her husband. Othello agrees to reinstate Cassio whenever Cassio is willing to come and plead his case, but he asks to be alone, so Desdemona leaves. Yet he has just learned that Desdemona has eloped with Othello, the Moorish (North African) general under whom Iago serves. The stealing of Desdemona’s handkerchief, as well as the red on white, suggests a kind of metaphorical loss of innocence. In act 3, we are introduced to the clown, who seems to serve little purpose beyond comic relief. The musicians serenading create another scene within a scene. Understand every line of Othello. Iago complains that instead of employing him as his lieutenant, Othello employed the inexperienced Michael Cassio. Othello Act 4 Scene 1 13. Chief among Iagos reasons for this hatred is Othellos recent promotion of Michael Cassio to the post of lieutenant. Meanwhile, Desdemona and Emilia are talking together, and Desdemona begins to act strangely, foreshadowing her … He then reminds Othello that this is all just speculation, and he should not take any of it too seriously. The scene opens with Cassio paying a group of musicians to play music for Othello. Course Hero. Emilia comes out, and bids Cassio to come in and speak with Desdemona about his tarnished reputation. He tells Iago that when he is finished, to come find him on the parapets. Using his brilliant rhetoric, Iago plants solid suspicion in Othello’s mind regarding the character of Desdemon… Cassio offers the Clown money to ask Desdemona to speak with him. Act 3, Scene 1 Cassio, eager to please, has sent some musicians to play, badly, in hopes of winning back Othello's good favor. The Duke and assorted senators of Venice are dealing with the impending war with the Turks over Cyprus, an island in the Mediterranean. By William Shakespeare. Course Hero. Course Hero, "Othello Study Guide," December 20, 2016, accessed December 23, 2020, https://www.coursehero.com/lit/Othello/. Emilia picks up the handkerchief, because Iago has asked her to obtain it. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! (2016, December 20). Drop us a comment and show some love!Othello Act 1 Scene 1 Summary done by Nerdstudy. Act 1, Scene 1 . Othello sends a letter back to Venice by ship and makes an inspection of the fortifications. Othello's love for Desdemona is solid as can be seen through line 93 of Act 3, Scene 3. Like and Subscribe! Iago again says that his suspicions are likely false. Othello vows revenge, promotes Iago to lieutenant, and asks him to kill Cassio. Iago feigns remorse for planting these ideas in Othello’s head, and says that it would be hard to catch them in the act. Othello sends his servant, a clown, or peasant, to tell the musicians to go away. Roderigo immediately addresses Iago’s disdain for Othello: “Thou told’st me thou didst hold him in thy hate,” he says. Summary ; Act 1 Scene 3; Study Guide. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Once the musicians have departed, Cassio pays the servant to take a message to Emilia, Iago's wife, who is also Desdemona's waiting woman. This free study guide is stuffed with the juicy details and important facts you need to know. During the conversation between Desdemona and Cassio at the beginning of Act 3, scene 3 there is a sense of dualism which does exist. / It is the green eyed monster which doth mock/ The meat it feeds on’ Metaphor, enjambment. When he learns Cassio needs to speak to Emilia, he goes to get her, also promising to lure Othello away so Cassio can ask for Desdemona's help. Iago calls Cassio in, while Othello hides; Iago speaks to Cassio of Bianca, but Othello, in his disturbed state, believes that C… They agree to meet at another time. Othello Act 4 Scene 2 14. ( p.5 Excellent wretch! Roderigo has paid Iago a lot of money to help him win the hand of Desdemona. This further enrages Othello, who storms off. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Scene 3 opens upon Desdemona, Cassio, and Emilia. The two men stand outside Brabantio's house and shout to wake him up. Sex and Sexual Stories in Othello, Iago's Alter Ego: Race as Projection in Othello, That's She That Was Myself: Not-So-Famous Last Words and Some Ends of Othello, The Adaptation of a Shakespearean Genre: Othello and Ford's 'Tis Pity She's a Whore, Theatricality and Textuality: The Example of Othello, Voice Potential: Language and Symbolic Capital in Othello. Course Hero. Iago then advises Othello to beware of jealousy, and not to be the sort of person who suspects that his wife is sleeping with someone else. In Course Hero. Event after event is presented in quick succession, giving the impression of … The scene opens with Cassio paying a group of musicians to play music for Othello. Scene 1 summary insists that Iago find proof, because he can not bear this unfounded suspicion any.! Roderigo, and asks her to lend him her handkerchief, as Cassio is an honest man that... 'S suspicions Desdemona asks if he has no reason to doubt Iago a lot of money help. 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