Hence Jesus is acknowledged in the New Testament as the Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world; he is the Paschal Lamb, the symbol of Israel's redemption at the first Passover. X Presbyter:An elder or priest, a member of the order of priesthood; the presbyterate is one of the three degrees of the Sacrament of Holy Orders. See Priesthood of Christ; Presbyter. Sacrament:An efficacious sign of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us through the work of the Holy Spirit. The Kingdom of God draws near in the coming of the Incarnate Word; it is announced in the Gospel; it is the messianic Kingdom, present in the person of Jesus, the Messiah; it remains in our midst in the Eucharist. Transcendence:The belief that God exists at a higher plane, such as heaven. Wisdom is also the name of one of the books of the Old Testament. Old Testament:The forty-six books of the Bible, which record the history of salvation from creation through the old alliance or covenant with Israel, in preparation for the appearance of Christ as Savior of the world. Myths transmit truth that cannot be understood apart from the story. Hope:The theological virtue by which we desire and expect from God both eternal life and the grace we need to attain it. F Reformation:A movement for reform of certain doctrines and practices of the Church which began in the 16th Century and led to division between Catholic and Protestant Churches. Circumcision was a sign of the covenant between God and his people Israel and prefigured the rite of Christian initiation in Baptism. The term was used by Jesus in the New Testament to indicate the promised gift of the Spirit as another consoler and advocate, who would continue his own mission among the disciples. May Devotions:Special services held during the month of May to honor Mary, the mother of Jesus. Religious Life:See Consecrated Life. Reason:Our ability to know the existance of God with certainty through our hearts and minds. Praise:The form of prayer which focuses on giving recognition to God for his own sake, giving glory to Him for who he is. Christian iconography expresses in images the same Gospel message that Scripture communicates by words. The Church's confession of faith in the virgin birth affirms that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit without human seed. The Paschal Mystery is celebrated and made present in the liturgy of the Church, and its saving effects are communicated through the sacraments, especially the Eucharist, which renews the paschal sacrifice of Christ as the sacrifice offered by the Church. November (date varies, but always Sunday) Sacristy:The room in the Church where the Priests vests for Mass and other services and the sacred vessels are kept. Corporal works of mercy include feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, visiting the sick and imprisoned, sheltering the homeless, and burying the dead. Mary:The mother of Jesus. Roman Ritual:Liturgical book containing special rites and blessings. Pride is undue self esteem or self love, which seeks attention and honor and sets oneself in competition with God. Sanctuary Lamp:A lamp which is kept burning in front of the tabernacle in Catholic churches as a sign and a reminder that Jesus is really present. Yahweh (Yhwh):The personal name of the God of Israel, revealed to Moses on Mt. Mixed Missionaries:Christians who proclaim the Gospel to non-Christians in a foreign country. Vocation:The calling or destiny we have in this life and hereafter. Punishment, Eternal:The penalty for unrepented mortal sin, separating the sinner from communion with God for all eternity; the condemnation of the unrepentant sinner to hell. Myths transmit truth that cannot be understood apart from the story. Religion:A set of beliefs and practices followed by those committed to the service and worship of God. The eleventh article of the Christian creed states, "I believe in the resurrection of the body." Satan:A fallen angel or the devil; the Evil One. Disciple:Those who accepted Jesus' message to follow him are called his disciples. May Devotions:Special services held during the month of May to honor Mary, the mother of Jesus. Time:See Eternal Life. Veneration (of Saints):Showing devotion and respect to Mary, the Apostles, and the martyrs, who were viewed as faithful witnesses to faith in Jesus Christ. See Creed. Peace:One of the fruits of the Holy Spirit mentioned in Galations 5:22-23. The revelation of his divine sonship is the principal dramatic development of the story of Jesus of Nazareth. Seal of Confession:The confessor's obligation to keep absolutely secret what a penitent has told to him in the Sacrament of Penance; also known as the "sacramental seal". Pulpit:Comes from the Latin word "pulpitum", meaning staging platform, from which the priest proclaims the Gospel readings of the Mass and preaches the homily. With prophetic power, John gave witness to Jesus by his preaching, by the baptism of conversion he announced, and finally by his martyrdom. Ecumenical Council:A gathering of all the bishops of the world, in the exercise of their collegial authority over the universal Church. The process by which a non-baptized person is prepared to become a full member of the Church is called the catechumenate, which was restored in the Latin Church by the Second Vatican Council, and whose distinct stages and rites are found in the Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults. Meditation:An exercise and a form of prayer in which we try to understand God's revelation of the truths of faith and the purpose of the Christian life, and how it should be lived, in order to adhere and respond to what the Lord is asking. Later, veneration was given to those who led a life of prayer and self-denial in giving witness to Christ, whose virtues were recognized and publicly proclaimed in their canonization as saints. A day on which special honor is paid to the Blessed Trinity. Impediments to Marriage:Something which prevents a person entering into a Church marriage. Orders, Religious:See Consecrated Life; Institute, Religious. This easy-to-search online version was originally … Virtue:An habitual and firm disposition to do the good. Catechesis:An education of children, young people, and adults in the faith of the Church through the teaching of Christian doctrine in an organic and systematic way to make them disciples of Jesus Christ. Reformation:A movement for reform of certain doctrines and practices of the Church which began in the 16th Century and led to division between Catholic and Protestant Churches. He offered himself once and for all (Heb 10:14), in a perfect sacrifice upon the cross. "Rite" and "ritual" are sometimes interchanged, as in "the sacramental rite" or "the sacramental ritual." The Church's confession of faith in the virgin birth affirms that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit without human seed. Sanctifying Grace:The grace which heals our human nature wounded by sin by giving us a share in the divine life of the Trinity. As a consequence they lost the grace of original holiness, and became subject to the law of death; sin became universally present in the world. The presentation of the gifts, especially of bread and wine, is a preparatory rite for the liturgy of the Eucharist at Mass. Each of the three divine Persons is God. Through prayer the Christian experiences a communion with God through Christ in the Church. Wisdom:A spiritual gift which enables one to know the purpose and plan of God; one of the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit. Each human soul is individual and immortal, immediately created by God. Racism:Unjust discrimination on the basis of a person's race; a violation of human dignity, and a sin against justice. Penance, Sacrament of:The liturgical celebration of God's forgiveness of the sins of the penitent, who is thus reconciled with God and with the Church. Suicide:The willful taking of one's own life; a grievous sin against the fifth commandment. Both the living Tradition and the written Scriptures have their common source in the revelation of God in Jesus Christ. Passion:The suffering and death of Jesus. Christ paid the price of his own sacrificial death on the cross to ransom us, to set us free from the slavery of sin, thus achieving our redemption. The New Testament speaks of a variety of ministries in the Church; Christ himself is the source of ministry in the Church. The term refers to the Church's condemnation of modern scientific thinking that said truth changed. Corporal works of mercy include feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, visiting the sick and imprisoned, sheltering the homeless, and burying the dead. Chastity is called one of the fruits of the Holy Spirit. Deuterocanonical books:"Deuterocanonical" means "second canon" . The official name is the Society of Jesus and the initials after a members name is "S.J.". The penance given by the confessor in the Sacrament of Penance constitutes such satisfaction. Annunciation Unity, Christian:See Ecumenism. Visit:Catholic custom of dropping into the Church for a few minutes during the day to say a quick prayer. This gift is related to the inability of the whole body of the faithful to err in matters of faith and morals. The revelation of his divine sonship is the principal dramatic development of the story of Jesus of Nazareth. It is the spiritual food for one's "passing over" to the Father from this world. The word "Creed" comes from the latin credo, meaning "I Believe," with which the Creed begins. All true satisfaction for sin must be a participation in the satisfaction for sin made by Christ through his death on the cross. Passion Sunday:See Palm Sunday Transfiguration:The mysterious event in which Jesus, seen speaking with Moses and Elijah on the mountain, was transformed in appearance in the sight of Peter, James, and John as a moment of disclosure of his divine glory. Private Revelations:Revelations made in the course of history which do not add to or form part of the deposit of faith, but rather may help people live out their faith more fully. Sabbath:The Sabbath or seventh "day," on which God rested after the work of the "six days" of creation was completed, as recounted in the opening narrative of the Bible. The apparitions of Jesus in his risen body to his disciples occurred between Easter and his Ascension into heaven. Presentation:The presentation and dedication of Jesus to God by Mary and Joseph in the Temple (Lk 2:22-39), in accord with Mosaic Law concerning the first born. Sacramentals:Sacred signs which bear a certain resemblance to the sacraments, and by means of which spiritual effects are signified and obtained through the prayers of the Church. New Testament:The twenty-seven books of the Bible written by the sacred authors in apostolic times, which have Jesus Christ, the incarnate Son of God, his life, teachings, Passion and glorification, and the beginnings of his Church as their central theme. Love:See Charity. Life:Both God's gift of created human life and His divine life given to us as sanctifying grace. Word of God:The entire content of Revelation as contained in the Holy Bible and proclaimed in the Church. Synod:A meeting of bishops of an ecclesiastical province or patriarchate (or even from the whole world, e.g., Synod of Bishops) to discuss the doctrinal and pastoral needs of the church. It ensures the mastery of the will over instinct, and keeps natural desires within proper limits. Sermon:A talk in which the word of God is explained. Yahweh (Yhwh):The personal name of the God of Israel, revealed to Moses on Mt. World:Creation, or the earth, or even the universe. U RCIA:Stands for Right of Christian Initiation of Adults. The first part of the prayer praises God for the gifts he gave to Mary as Mother of the Redeemer; the second part seeks her maternal intercession for the members of the Body of Christ, the Church, of which she is the Mother. Evangelist:One of the four authors to whom is ascribed the writing of the Gospels, i.e., Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Marks Notes of the Church:The four attributes (marks or notes) of the Church mentioned in the Nicene Constantinopolitan creed: "We believe in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church". Seminary:A college where men are trained for the priesthood. It is the work of Christ, expressed particularly in the Sermon on the Mount, and of the Holy Spirit, by whose grace it becomes for us the interior law of charity. IHS:three letters from the Greek name, Jesus. Requiem:A Mass for the dead. See Trinity. First Communion:Reception of the sacrament of the Eucharist for the first time. See Virgin Mary. Sensus Fidei:A supernatural appreciation of the faith (sensus fidei) shown by the universal consent in matters of faith and morals manifested by the whole body of the faithful under the guidance of the Magisterium. Sunday between January 2 and January 8 Jesus recognized the Temple as God's dwelling, and a house of prayer; he even identified himself with the Temple by presenting himself as God's definitive dwelling place. In Latin This is; "Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine. Resurrection of Christ:The bodily rising of Jesus from the dead on the third day after his death on the cross and burial in the tomb. Corporal works of mercy include feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, visiting the sick and imprisoned, sheltering the homeless, and burying the dead. It takes its name from the first word of the prayer with which Mass begins. In the Catholic Church This Sunday is also known as Passion Sunday. An Ecumenical Council is usually called by the successor of St. Peter, the Pope, or at least confirmed or accepted by him. There is no rule regarding This, it is up to the Bride and Groom. Stealing/Theft:Unjustly taking and keeping the property of another, against the reasonable will of the owner. The eleventh article of the Christian creed states, "I believe in the resurrection of the body." Orders, Religious:See Consecrated Life; Institute, Religious. Piety also refers to the religious sense of a people, and its expression in popular devotions. Tridentine Mass:The Latin Mass authorized by the Council of Trent in the 16th Century. Petition:Asking God for our needs in prayer. V Temperance:The cardinal moral virtue that moderates the attraction of pleasure and provides balance in the use of created goods. For the absolution to be valid, the faithful must have the intention of individually confessing their sins in their next individual reception of the Sacrament of Penance. Seminary:A college where men are trained for the priesthood. Vocation:The calling or destiny we have in this life and hereafter. INRI:the initial letters form the Latin inscription written on the cross: Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum, (Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews). The morality of human acts depends on the object or nature of the action, the intention or end foreseen, and the circumstances of the action. "All that is" often called the "world" in Scripture owes its existence to God's act of creation; God's creation is called "good" in the Bible, and human beings are said to have been created "in his own image and likeness". Life:Both God's gift of created human life and His divine life given to us as sanctifying grace. Son of God:A title frequently applied to Jesus in the Gospel, signifying his unique relationship to the Father. The prophetic books constitute a major section of the Old Testament of the Bible. These introductions provide a smooth entrance to a reading and context for the listeners. Christ fulfilled everything that the priesthood of the Old Covenant prefigured. Temperance:The cardinal moral virtue that moderates the attraction of pleasure and provides balance in the use of created goods. Institute, Secular:A form of consecrated life in which the Christian faithful living in the world strive for the perfection of charity and work for the sanctification of the world especially from within. Psalm:A prayer in the Book of Psalms of the Old Testament, assembled over several centuries; a collection of prayers in the form of hymns or poetry. Christmas:The feast of the nativity, the birth of Jesus. Also called a homily. The oral preaching of the Apostles, and the written message of salvation under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit (Bible), are conserved and handed on as the deposit of faith through the apostolic succession in the Church. Resurrection of Christ:The bodily rising of Jesus from the dead on the third day after his death on the cross and burial in the tomb. Matrimony:See Marriage. The remission of sins committed after Baptism is effected sacramentally through the Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation. Passion or Palm Sunday begins Holy Week, during which the annual liturgical celebration of the Paschal Mystery of Christ takes place. Each human soul is individual and immortal, immediately created by God. The pope exercises a primacy of authority as Vicar of Christ and shepherd of the whole Church; he receives the divine assistance promised by Christ to the Church when he defines infallibly a doctrine of faith or morals. One form of evil, physical evil, is a result of the "state of journeying" toward its ultimate perfection in which God created the world, involving the existence of the less perfect alongside the more perfect, the constructive and the destructive forces of nature, the appearance and disappearance of certain beings. Sabbath:The Sabbath or seventh "day," on which God rested after the work of the "six days" of creation was completed, as recounted in the opening narrative of the Bible. Western World:Lands west of Istanbul Turkey. Poverty:The condition of want experienced by those who are poor, whom Christ called "blessed," and for whom he had a special love. Faith:Both a gift of God and a human act by which the believer gives personal adherence to God who invites his response, and freely assents to the whole truth that God has revealed. Members of orders which are not enclosed are usually referred to as religious sisters. Particular Church:See Diocese. Slander:See Calumny. Vow of obedience: In imitation of this obedience of Jesus, as an evangelical counsel, the faithful may profess a vow of obedience; a public vow of obedience, accepted by Church authority, is one element that characterizes the consecrated life. Parables:A characteristic feature of the teaching of Jesus. Slander:See Calumny. Pentecost "Rite" and "ritual" are sometimes interchanged, as in "the sacramental rite" or "the sacramental ritual." Messiah:A Hebrew word meaning "anointed". November (date varies, but always Sunday) Revelation:God's communication of himself, by which he makes known the mystery of his divine plan, a gift of self-communication which is realized by deeds and words over time, and most fully by sending us his own divine Son, Jesus Christ. Mission:Trinitarian missions: To accomplish the divine plan of the triune God for the redemption of humanity, the Son and the Holy Spirit were "sent" into the world: hence the Trinitarian "missions" (Latin missus means "sent").Apostolic mission: Just as he was sent by the Father, Jesus sent his Apostles into the world to continue his own saving mission. Real Presence:The unique, true presence of Christ in the Eucharist under the species or appearances of bread and wine. Suicide:The willful taking of one's own life; a grievous sin against the fifth commandment. Corporal works of mercy include feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, visiting the sick and imprisoned, sheltering the homeless, and burying the dead. See Bible; Covenant. Repentance:See Contrition; Penance. Passages from the Gospel are always read by a Priest or Deacon. Describes a person whose prayer life includes meditation from which they gain spirtual understanding. Olkonomia:See Economy. Obedience of Christ: Jesus Christ substituted his obedience to the will of his Father, even unto death, for the disobedience of sin, in order to bring us the grace of justification and to satisfy for our sins. At it, the priest or deacon pours the water that is used in the Baptism of the candidate entering the Church. Paradise:The symbolic description of the condition of our first parents before the Fall, who lived in a state of friendship with God in the happiness of original justice and holiness. Canticle:From the word for "song," these Scripture selections are poetic hymns which are often sung in the liturgy. Our Father:See Lord's Prayer. March/April (date varies) Reconciliation, Sacrament of:The sacramental celebration in which, through God's mercy and forgiveness, the sinner is reconciled with God and also with the Church, Christ's Body, which is wounded by sin. Litany:A form of prayer in which the Priest recites a series of petitions to God, or calls on the help of Saints. Christmas (Birth of the Lord) Psalter:The book of psalms arranged for liturgical use. November (date varies, but always Sunday) Sermon:A talk in which the word of God is explained. See Priesthood of Christ; Presbyter. Epiclesis:The prayer petitioning God to send the Holy Spirit so that the offerings at the Eucharist may become the Body and Blood of Christ and thus the faithful, by receiving them, may themselves become a living offering to God. It also means to deliver a sermon. Free Will:Human experience which governs our actions and gives us the freedom to make choices regarding our full expression of God's love. Each human soul is individual and immortal, immediately created by God. It is this Gospel or good news that the Apostles, and the Church following them, are to proclaim to the entire world. Father, God:God, the first Person of the Blessed Trinity. Sunday after Pentecost Christ calls the faithful to the perfection of holiness. Ministerial: The ministerial priesthood received in the Sacrament of Holy Orders differs in essence from this common priesthood of all the faithful. Roman Ritual:Liturgical book containing special rites and blessings. See Virgin Mary. The term was used by Jesus in the New Testament to indicate the promised gift of the Spirit as another consoler and advocate, who would continue his own mission among the disciples. In biblical terms, the moral law is the fatherly instruction of God, setting forth the ways which lead to happiness and proscribing those which lead to evil. See Priesthood of Christ; Presbyter. Proto-Evangelium:The proto or first Gospel: the passage in Genesis (3:15) that first mysteriously announces the promise of the Messiah and Redeemer. Because she is the mother of the eternal Son of God made man, Jesus Christ the "new adam," Mary is called the "new eve," the "mother of the living" in the order of grace. Olkonomia:See Economy. Psalm:A prayer in the Book of Psalms of the Old Testament, assembled over several centuries; a collection of prayers in the form of hymns or poetry. The spiritual works of mercy include instructing, advising, consoling, comforting, forgiving, and patiently forbearing. 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